Hebrew and Judaica Manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries, Oxford University

MS. Laud Or. 321

Oriental Manuscripts Laud Oriental Collection


Maḥzor accoring to the Western Ashkenazi rite

ff. 1r-362v
Maḥzor מחזור

Western Ashkenazi rite, but includes some liturgies from the Eastern Ashkenazi rite.

Beginning with Parashiyot for various Sabbaths and feasts.

Next follow Canticles, Ruth and Ecclesiastes and the Hafṭarot (end with 1 Pesaḥ, incomplete).

There are a few lexicographical notes in the margins by two hands.

A list of סליחות for יוצר in the margin of f. 267r.

Language(s): Hebrew

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ff. 362
Foliation: Foliation in Arabic numerals.


Ashkenazi square script. Copied perhaps by more than one scribe; the Parashiyot at the beginning (ff.2r-37r) are clearly written by a different handon quires pricked and ruled differently. Later additions (apart from those on the margins): ff. 1r, 37v-38r, 62-71, 80, 164r-166r, 360r-362r


Narrative and ornamental initial-word panels.


Leather binding.


Origin: [Germany]; [ca. 1275]

Provenance and Acquisition

Ownership note at the beginning of the codex: "יהודה המכונה ליווא היפה בר’ דוד מוקיאל[?] ..."

Record Sources

Manuscript description based on Catalogue of the Hebrew Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, vol. I, by Adolf Neubauer, Oxford 1886, No. 2373, Catalogue of the Hebrew manuscripts in the Bodleian Library; Supplement of Addenda and Corrigenda to Vol. I, No. 2373, and on the data of the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, National Library of Israel with additional enhancements by the cataloguer.


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Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)


MSS R.R. Film No. F 21436


    Kennicott, Benjamin, Dissertatio generalis in Vetus Testamentum Hebraicum: cum variis lectionibus, ex codicibus manuscriptis et impressis. Recudi curavit et notas adiecit Paulus Iacobus Bruns (Brunovici: Orphanotrophei, 1783).
    Neubauer, Adolf, Catalogue of the Hebrew Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library (Oxford, 1886), no.2373
    Beit-Arié, Malachi and R.A. May (eds), Catalogue of the Hebrew manuscripts in the Bodleian Library; Supplement of Addenda and Corrigenda to Vol. I (A. Neubauer’s Catalogue) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994), no. 2373
    ב’ נרקיס, כתבי-יד עבריים מצוירים (ירושלים, תשמ"ד), עמ’ 27.
    Bartal, Ruth. ‘Medieval Images of ‘Sacred Love’: Jewish and Christian Perceptions’. Assaph Studies in Art History, Section B, No. 2 (1996), 93-110.
    Shalev-Eyni, Sarit. Cosmological Signs in Calculating the Time of Redemption: The Christian Crucifixion and the Jewish New Moon of Nissan’, Viator 25 (2004), 265-288.
    Tkacz, C. B., ‘The Esther Miniature in the Laud Mahzor: A Distinctively Jewish Image’. Bodleian Library Records 23, no.2 (2010),