Hebrew and Judaica Manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries, Oxford University

MS. Canonici Or. 18

Oriental Manuscripts Canonici Oriental Collection


Maḥzor for the entire year, Italian rite

ff. 1r-482r
Maḥzor minhag Roma le-khol ha-shanah מחזור מנהג רומא לכל השנה

Additional texts:

  • fols. 1r-170r in the margins: ספר התניא
  • fols. 173v-390r in the margins: Pentateuch with Targum Onḳelos
  • fols. 395r-403r (main text): Mishnah Pirḳe Avot
  • fols. 403v-405r: Pereḳ ḳinyan Torah ("Acquisition of Torah")
  • fols. 395r-403r in the margins: Commentary on Pirḳe Avot by Maimonides in the translation of Yehudah ibn Tibon
  • fols. 403v-405r: Commentary on Pereḳ ḳinyan Torah attributed to Rashi
  • fols. 405v-439v in the margins: Hafṭarot for all Sabbaths of the year according to the Romanite rite.

Language(s): Hebrew

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ff. 482
Dimensions (leaf): 200 × 142 mm.


Quires of mostly 10 leaves catchwords at the end of the quires


In good condition.


One column surrounded with marginal texts.


Italian semi-cursive scripts by various hands.

Fols. 308r-344v and 432r-481v (end) of Maḥzor are written by a different hand.

The marginal texts are written by three hands: Sefer Tanay (fols. 1r-170r) probably by the main copyist, the Pentateuch with Onḳelos and the Hafṭarot by another hand.

Maimonides' commentary on Avot (fols. 395r-405r) in a different hand altogether employing a Sephardi type of script.


Decorations in red ink in the copy of the main scribe. carmina figurata (e.g. fols. 161r, 193v)


Parchment binding.


Origin: [North Italy]; [mid-late 15th century]

Provenance and Acquisition

Censor's signature: Cammillo Jaghel 1620 (fol. 481v)

Matteo Luigi Canonici's (1727-1805) collections passed to his brother Giuseppe, and on his death in 1807 to Giovanni Perissinotti and Girolamo Cardina, who divided them. To the former fell the MSS., then about 3550 in number, and, after many attempts to sell them, the Bodleian became the purchaser of the greater part in 1817, for £5444 5s. 1d., or including incidental expenses about £6030, the largest single purchase ever made by the Library. The formal list of volumes handed over was signed on May 18, 1817, and the books probably arrived later that year.

Record Sources

Manuscript description based on Catalogue of the Hebrew Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, vol. I, by Adolf Neubauer, Oxford 1886, (No. 1062, Catalogue of the Hebrew manuscripts in the Bodleian Library; Supplement of Addenda and Corrigenda to Vol. I No. 1062, and on the data of the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, National Library of Israel with additional enhancements by the cataloguer.


Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card (for admissions procedures contact Bodleian Admissions). Contact specialcollections.enquiries@bodleian.ox.ac.uk for further information on the availability of this manuscript.

Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)


MSS R.R. Film No. F 22648


    Neubauer, Adolf, Catalogue of the Hebrew Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library (Oxford, 1886), no. 1062.
    Beit-Arié, Malachi and R.A. May (eds), Catalogue of the Hebrew manuscripts in the Bodleian Library; Supplement of Addenda and Corrigenda to Vol. I (A. Neubauer’s Catalogue) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994), no. 1062.