Hebrew and Judaica Manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries, Oxford University

MS. Laud Or. 233

Oriental Manuscripts Laud Oriental Collection


Arbaʿah Ṭurim (Yoreh Deʿah)

ff. 2r-175v
Jacob ben Asher, approximately 1269-approximately 1340יעקב בן אשר, ?1270-?1340, Ṭur (Yoreh Deʿah) טור (יורה דעה)

Written by Yamin [=Benyamin] ben Mosheh, called Wolf Ḳarnakh on Friday, 5 Adar Sheni 223 [1463]. According to M. Beit-Arie, the scribe's name must have been Benyamin (Zeʾev).

Numerous marginal notes.

Colophon: "ה’ ואדר יום ו’ רכ"ג לפרט לאלף הששי ימין [=בנימין] בר’ משה המכונה וואלף קרנך" (fol. 175v).
Language(s): Hebrew

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: parchment
Extent: ff. 176
Dimensions (leaf): 298 × 210 mm.
Foliation: Foliation in Arabic numerals.


18 quires: i 12, ii-xv 10, xvi 8, xvii 10, xviii 6 no signatures, catchword at the end of every quire.


In good condition.


Text in two columns.


Ashkenazi semi-cursive script


Decorated and inhabited initial-word panels, numerous marginal drawings mostly of animals, but also some human figures. At the end of the MS on fols. 175r and 175r, text in decorated medallions. Figures in some of the initial-word panels are defaced (e.g., fol. 2r, 79v).


Brown leather binding, blind-tooled, with the gold-tooled coat of arms of Archbisop Laud in the middle; holes for straps.


Origin: [Ashkenaz]; 1463

Provenance and Acquisition

Owners' inscriptions: אברהם בן לאא מהרר יצחק במקצנאלבוגין שמעתי והאזנתי בקול מצותיו מן הגאון רמ (fol. 1v); "Liber Guil[ielmi] Laude Archiepi[scopi] Cant[uariensis] et Cancellarii Universit[atis] Oxon[iensis] 1636" (fol. 1v); ברוך השם אשר לא נתנני טרף לשינהם. אני אברהם בר יצחק שוואב שליט המכונה אברהם גרונבך (fol. 2r); אני ישעיʹ בר יוסף מנשה(?) (fol. 2r); אני מאיר ברבי משה סגל מק"ק ליכטנשטאט (fols. 80r, 133r, 175v); אני אברהם בר יצחק שוואב שליט מק"ק גרונבך (fol. 80r); "אלחנן בן ישראל אוירנגר מפוירדא אצל נירנברג בשנת שס"ג" (fol. 175v); "יודא בר שמעון שלי"ט אויערבך", (fol. 175v); "יוסף בן אהרן שליט"א מק"ק פלון" (fol. 175v); "שמעון בן הרר’ יהודה הנקרא וואלף בן ... ליבאיש פיקא מקק’ פראג" (fol. 175v).

Donated to the Library by Archbishop William Laud (see Summary Catalogue, vol.II, part 1, pp.13-14).

Record Sources

Manuscript description based on Catalogue of the Hebrew Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, vol. I, by Adolf Neubauer, Oxford 1886, No. 709, Catalogue of the Hebrew manuscripts in the Bodleian Library; Supplement of Addenda and Corrigenda to Vol. I, No. 709, and on the data of the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, National Library of Israel with additional enhancements by the cataloguer.


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Digital Images

Digital Bodleian (full digital facsimile)


MSS R.R. Film No. F 20935


    Neubauer, Adolf, Catalogue of the Hebrew Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library (Oxford, 1886), no. 709.
    Beit-Arié, Malachi and R.A. May (eds), Catalogue of the Hebrew manuscripts in the Bodleian Library; Supplement of Addenda and Corrigenda to Vol. I (A. Neubauer’s Catalogue) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994), no. 709.